W14 Exodus Lesson: Crossing the Red Sea

Exodus Lesson: Crossing the Red Sea

Step 1: Excite

Review this outline of Exodus 14 from The Outline Bible:

A.      Phase one: Israel at the Red Sea (Ex. 14:1–18)

1.      The decision of Pharaoh: Follow up! (Ex. 14:1–9): Regretting his decision to free Israel, Pharaoh orders the Egyptian army, including 600 chariots, to capture the Israelites by the Red Sea.
2.      The despair of the people: Give up! (Ex. 14:10–12): In great fear and anger the Israelites cry out to Moses, “Our Egyptian slavery was far better than dying out here in the wilderness!”
3.      The declaration of Moses: Look up! (Ex. 14:13–14): Moses reassures them, “Don’t be afraid. Just stand where you are and watch the LORD rescue you.”
4.      The decree of God: Lift up! (Ex. 14:15–18): Moses is told to raise his staff over the Red Sea, dividing the waters and allowing Israel to walk across on dry ground.

B.      Phase two: Israel crosses the Red Sea (Ex. 14:19–15:21)

1.      The protecting (Ex. 14:19–20): The pillar of cloud moves between the Egyptians and the Israelites. At night it becomes a pillar of fire once again, resulting in darkness for the Egyptians but glorious light for the Israelites.
2.      The parting (Ex. 14:21–22): A strong east wind blows and parts the Red Sea, forming walls of water on each side.
3.      The perishing (Ex. 14:23–31): Attempting to pursue the Israelites across the dry path, the Egyptians drown when Moses lifts his hand, causing the waters to collapse on them.
4.      The praising (Ex. 15:1–21): A great victory celebration is held on the eastern banks of the Red Sea. Moses and his sister, Miriam, lead the nation in singing, music, and dancing

Look at a map of the Exodus. Find where the Hebrews crossed the Red Sea.


Step 2: Examine

Read Exodus chapter 14.

The Passover illustrates the Christian’s salvation through the blood of the Lamb, but there is more to the Christian life than being saved from judgment. Israel’s experiences in their journey from Egypt to Canaan are pictures of the battles and blessings of the Christian life.

God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt pictures His mercy in delivering all His people from bondage. In a mighty display of His power He freed Israel even though they were worried and afraid. the Jews were walking by sight, not by faith; for when they saw the Egyptian army coming, they gave up in despair and cried out in fear.

Passover night was an end to slavery, but a beginning of life with God. While the people of Israel were always to remember that “the Lord brought [them] out of it” (Ex. 13:3), they were not to remember Egypt! They were not to look back, but to move out immediately on their journey to the Promised Land. (Richards, L., The Teacher’s Commentary)

Walking through the Red Sea is a picture of God our baptism into Christ. Just as Israel came up on the other side of the Red Sea and saw what had become of their enemies, so we are called to see what God has done through our old man’s death and resurrection with Christ.

Optional: Read Be Delivered Chapter 5 Section 2. Trusting the Lord (Ex. 14:1–31).

Step 3: Expand

Complete at least 1 activity.

  • Activity 1. Discuss
    Read Hebrews 11:29 about the faith of Moses in connection with the crossing of the Red Sea. The Jews were walking by sight, not by faith; for when they saw the Egyptian army coming, they gave up in despair and cried out in fear. Discuss situations where you can walk by faith, not sight, today. How does faith help us in different circumstances?
  • Activity 2. Copy Work
    Copy the outline in section 1 or write a new outline in your own words.
  • Activity 3. Study and Discuss
    Read Exodus 13:1–16 again, and think about the relationship between redemption and consecration. How is this theme developed in Isaiah 62:12, Ephesians 1:3–7, 1 Peter 1:13–18? (Opening up Exodus).
  • Activity 4. Make a Lapbook booklet.
    Create the Crossing the Red Sea booklet.

Step 4

❒ Correct all written work to demonstrate correct punctuation and spelling.
❒ Correct all written work to demonstrate correct and effective use of grammar.
❒ Add to your Writing Notebook the rules for all punctuation and grammar errors you corrected.
❒ Record any misspelled words in your spelling notebook.
❒ Add to your Vocabulary Notebook any new words encountered in this lesson. Include a definition
for each word. Use each vocabulary term in a sentence orally or in writing.
❒ Add corrected written work or any illustrations to your Portfolio.
❒ Add any important people or events to your Time Line Book.
❒ Share with a friend or family member an activity you completed for this lesson. Explain to them what you