Biblical and Rabbinical Kosher

The Biblical dietary laws are NOT the same as Rabbinical Kosher rules. Lets look at the differences.

Biblical Kosher

Biblical kosher refers to the dietary laws as outlined in the Scriptures, forbidding the eating of (1) animals that God calls unclean (Lev. 11:47), (2) animal fat (Lev. 3:17), or (3) animals that still have the blood in them (Lev. 17:12-14) as food. Lev. 11 talks about clean and unclean foods.

Clean animals include cows, sheep, goats, and deer.Unclean animals include pigs, horses, camels, rats, cats, dogs, snakes, raccoons, squirrels, and most insects.

Clean birds include chicken, turkeys, geese, ducks, and doves. Unclean birds include eagles, sparrows, and crows.

Clean seafood includes salmon, trout, and other fish with fins and scales. Unclean seafood includes catfish, sharks, shrimp, eel, octopus, squid, shellfish, and whales.

See Chart Here

The story of Noah shows that the distinction between clean and unclean foods existed early in human history, long before God ratified His covenant with Israel. Almost a thousand years before there was a covenant with the nation of Israel, God told Noah to take two pairs of unclean animals and seven pairs of clean animals into the ark (Gen. 6:19-7:2). Jesus knew these biblical dietary laws and obeyed them. But, He often came into conflict with the Pharisees over the traditions that they had added to God’s law over the years. This brings us to Rabbinic Kosher.

You are therefore to make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean;  and you shall not make yourselves detestable by animal or by bird or by anything that creeps on the ground, which I have separated for you as unclean.

Thus you are to be holy to Me, for I the LORD am holy;  and I have set you apart from the peoples to be Mine.
Leviticus 20:25-26

Rabbinic Kosher

Rabbinic kosher is much more complicated and includes a whole body of tradition that distinguishes it from biblical kosher.

The sources for the laws of kashruth are of biblical origin and expounded in Rabbinic legislation, through which the Rabbis interpreted, or added preventative measures to, the biblical regulations.

The Jewish Festival Cookbook tells how the Jewish family is to make their kitchen kosher or ritually correct: All animals and poultry are to be slaughtered according to ritual by a highly trained man known as a schochet or kosher butcher.

The animal must be of the clean variety, not being mutilated nor having signs of disease or lesions. First the animal must be killed a certain way; then only the forequarters may be used. After the meat is brought home, further koshering is necessary: soak for twelve hours, then drain and rinse. Next, sprinkle with coarse salt, let lay on a slanted board for one hour, and then wash the meat. Afterward, the book lists the different things to be done if the meat is organ meat or poultry. Then it goes into the restrictions in regard to eating milk and meat products together.

This is carried to the extreme of separate utensils, dishes, silverware, pots and pans, dishtowels, washbasins, and even separate cupboards. The selection and preparation of food according to the dietary laws, observed in kosher homes, have served to protect the health and welfare of the Jewish people since very early days.

Jesus Christ and his disciples obeyed the Bible dietary laws of Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14.

Jesus taught against the tacked on “fence” laws that the ancient sages had placed around Torah (Mark 7:1-23).

The Pharisees and scribes taught that if you did not run flowing water over each hand, one at a time, and over the pots and cups then you were ceremonially defiled and when you touched the food it was also defiled.

Jesus told the Pharisees that failure to observe all the ritualistic “Jewish traditions” was not a violation of God’s law. He said, “There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.”

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Comments (10)

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  1. Biblical dietary laws are NOT the same as Rabbinical Kosher rules. Look at the differences. http://bit.ly/4FsHwV

  2. Miss Rachel says:

    I have been enjoying finding out about clean and unclean animals. We don’t eat pork, or any sea creatures besides fish. Mainly, our meats are chicken, cow and occasionally fish. We buy all of this organic.

    I am going to read the What are the Bible Dietary Laws? post you did too. 🙂

    Wonderful articles.
    .-= Miss Rachel´s last blog ..THC #118 – Happy Birthday, Amanda! Edition =-.

  3. Biblical and Rabbinical Kosher : Biblical Holidays – http://shar.es/a9dKZ

  4. Kris Stuckel says:

    There’s a great deal of beneficial tips in this article. I am opting-in to your rss feed.

  5. Rachel says:

    May the Lord bless you and keep you – thank you for this website. I have a question about meat:-

    Does meat bought from supermarkets have to be koshered at home before its eaten to cleanse it from blood?? How is meat at the supermarket killed?? Would it ever have been strangled?
    Thank you …

  6. RT @TopsyRT: Biblical and Rabbinical Kosher # http://t.co/HZ4ZK5s

  7. Patrick Murphey says:

    Acts 10:9-22, 1 Cor. 8, Romans 14:2, and Romans 14:14 make it clear that “…nothing is unclean in itself, but it is unclean for anyone who thinks it unclean.” but if it causes your brother to stumble do not do it, I encourage those reading this to examine what is clean and unclean, not only for yourselves, but for the LORD.

  8. Hope says:

    I just want to point out to those that try and say the dietary laws were abolished in the New Testament, need to think carefully about what the Lord God Almighty created as food. He is the Creator afterall and He created certain animals for food. All animals have a purpose as do we. As far as Acts 10…which is always used- God was speaking about Peter eating with Gentiles (unclean) something Israel didn’t do . Must read context. To clarify, it is not a salvation issue, just very practical. WE are the ones grafted into ISRAEL, NOT the other way around. The Lord God has been just, loving, and FULL OF GRACE throughout the WHOLE BIBLE. ALL SCRIPTURE IS PROFITABLE FOR DOCTRINE, REPROOF, AND INSTRUCTION ON RIGHTEOUSNESS.It is one book, one law, one people, one word, one messiah, and one God. Blessings to you!

    • Gem says:

      I think it can become a salvation issue though like any sin, particularly as it is a very serious issue in God’s law. I come to this conclusion from Isaiah 66…

  9. Maina says:

    Thanks I was blessed to know about details of clean and unclean foods.

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